Mahakala is the Lord of time and Death. One of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India, the lingam at Mahakal is believed to be swayambhu (born of itself) deriving currents of power (shakti) from within itself as against the other images and lingams which are ritually established and invested with mantra-shakti.
4. Mamleshwar Jyotirling in Omkareshwar Distt. Khandwa, Madhya Pradesh
Omkareshwar is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. This sacred island, shaped like the holiest of Hindu symbols ‘Om’, is about 2km long and 1km wide.
Omkareshwar Temple is situated on the mountain Mandhata by the banks of Narmada River in Malva, Madhya Pradesh which is 77km away from Indore.
The temple is one of the 12 Jyotirlings of Lord Shiva which are spread throughout India and is closely linked with the Mamleshwar Temple which is situated on the southern end of the Narmada River.
It is said that both Omkareshwar and Mamleshwar are two halves of the same ancient Linga that Lord Shiva had himself created and then divided into two.
Here, at the banks of Narmada, devouts gather to kneel before the Jyotirlinga at the temple of Shri Omkar Mandhata.
5 . Vaijnath/Vaidyanath Jyotirling in village Parli Distt. Parbhani (Maharashtra)
Vaidyanath Temple, also called Vaijnath Temple and Baidyanth Temple is located at Deogarh in the Santal Parganas region of Bihar in the south west of Keeul Station.
Baidyanath shrine is revered as one of the twelve Jyotirlingams of Shiva.
It may be noted that some schools of thought believe Vaidyanath near Parali in Andhra Pradesh to be the Vaidyanatha Jyotirlingam.
Devotees of Lord Shiva believe that by sincere worship of Vaijnath Jyotirlinga a person is relieved of all worries and miseries in life.
It is also said that by worshipping in the shrine a person attains Moksha and all types of happiness. As a tradition, devotees carry ‘Kanwars’ on their shoulders and complete their travel here.
6. Bhimashankar Jyotirling in village Bhimashankar Tehsil Kher Distt. Pune (Maharashtra)
Bhimashankar Temple, one of the 12 Jyotirlinga temples dedicated to Lord Shiva, is situated in Bhavagiri (Bhorgiri) village, 50 km north-west of Khed, in Maharashtra, India.
Bhimashankar Shiva Mandir is about 110 km from Pune in the Ghat region of the Sahyadri hills (Sahayadri Ranges).
The temple is situated on the banks of River Bhima, it is from here Bhima Rive flows south east and merges with the Krishna River near Raichur.
Bhima Shankar Temple gives a beautiful view of the forts, the rivers and the hill stations nearby
7. Rameshwar Jyotirling in Rameshwaram Distt. Ramanathpuram (Tamil Nadu)
The jyotirlingam was worshipped by Lord Rama to atone the sin of killing Ravana. Hanuman flew to bring the Linga from Kailasa, for Lord Rama to wroship.
As it was getting late, Rama worshipped the Lingam that was made of sand by Sita Devi.This Lingam worshipped by Lord Rama is known as Ramanathar.
When Hanuman returned he was disappointed that his Lord had not used the Lingam that he had brought.
Lord Rama pacified Hanuman & named this Lingam Kasi Viswanathar. Devotees have to worship Kasi Viswanathar before worshipping Ramanathar.
8. Nageshwar Jyotirling in Nageshwar (Dwarka) Distt. Jamnagar (Gujarat)
Located on the route between Dwarka city and west Dwarka Island on the coast of Saurashtra in Gujarat is this important Lord Shiva Temple.
It is enshrined by one of the 12 swayambhu (self-existent) jyothirlingas in the world, in an underground sanctum.
A 25 m tall statue of a sitting Lord Shiva and a large garden with a pond are major attractions of this rather serene place. Some archaeological excavations claim five earlier cities at the site.
Nageshwar was believed to be known as ‘Darukavana’, which is an ancient epic name of a forest in India. Below are two well-known legends attached to this mystical temple.
9. Vishweshwar Jyotirling in Varanasi Distt. Varanasi (UP)
Vishwanath Temple is located amidst the crowded lanes in the holy city of Varanasi also known as Kashi and Benares.
The Vishwanath Temple enshrines one of the twelve Jyotirlingams of Lord Shiva and is one of the most revered pilgrimage sites for Hindus.
It is believed that Varanasi is the point at which the first Jyotirlinga, the fiery pillar of light by which Shiva manifested his supremacy over other gods, broke through the earth’s crust and flared towards the heavens.
More than the Ghats and even the Ganga, the Shivalinga installed in the temple remain the devotional focus of Varanasi.
Millions of pilgrims converge here to perform an abhishekam to the sacred Jyotirlingam with sacred water of river Ganga.
10. Triyambak Jyotirling in Nasik (Maharashtra)
Trimbakeshwar – one of the holy places of not only Maharashtra but the whole India is near Nashik.
This says that anybody who visits Tryambakeshwar attains salvation.
There is no sacred place like Tryambakeshwar, no river like Godavari, no mountain like Brahmagiri etc.
The reasons for its being so sacred are – Godavari river originates in this place, its a place of Tri-Sandhya Gayatri.
the birth place of Lord Ganesha, a place of the first Nath of Nath Sampradaya consisting of Gorakhnath and others, a place where Nivrittinath was made to imbibe the holy knowledge by his Guru Gahininath, a place where Nivrittinath made his brothers and sister attain the self by his preaching.
11. Kedareshwar Jyotirling in Kedarnath Distt. Rudraprayag (Uttarakhand)
One of the holiest pilgrimages for the Hindus, Kedarnath Temple Jyotirlinga is located in the picturesque surroundings of Rudra Himalaya Range at a height of 12000 feet on a mountain named Kedar.
Near Kedarnath is the source of the river Mandakini that joins Alakananda at Rudraprayag.
This place is approximately 150 miles away from Hardwar and 132 miles north of Hrishikesh and is accessible by foot.
12. Ghrushneshwar Jyotirling village verul near Ellora Distt. Aurangabad (Maharashtra )
The Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga Temple is one of the ancient and holiest shrines of India.
This temple is the holy abode of one of the 12 jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva.
The temple is located at a distance of 11km from Daulatabad near Aurangabad in Maharashtra.
Daulatabad was once known as Devagiri. Ahilyabhai Holkar constructed the Grishneshwar Temple, who also re-constructed the Kasi Viswanatha temple at Banaras and the Vishnu Paada temple at Gaya.
Grishneshwar is also known as Ghushmeswara. The Lord is also known by several names like Kusumeswarar, Ghushmeswara, etc.