खीर भवानी मंदिर, कश्मीर – Kheer Bhawani – Srinagar- Kashmir
The Goddess Mata Ragnya Devi is symbolized as a consecrated spring at Tula Mula town, almost (27 kms) Srinagar, Kashmir in J&K India. The spring of Kheer Bhawani is very vast and has dependably been held in reverence by the Brahman populace of Srinagar.
The Temple, committed to the Goddess Mata Kheer Bhawani (initially Bhawani Mata), has been developed over a Sacred Spring. Inside the spring is a marble Temple. The Temple-Spring complex is tenderly referred to as Kheer Bhawani as a large number of fans offer drain and “kheer” to the Sacred Spring.
as indicated by conviction, the Goddess changes the shade of the spring’s waters, which are credited to various appearances of the Goddess Mata Kheer Bhawani. Transforming of the shading into shades of dark should flag drawing nearer fiasco.
A few people say that before the departure of the Pandits (Kashmiri Brahmans) from Kashmir the shading had turned totally dark in 1990!
As indicated by the legend, there were 360 springs encompassing the heart yet these appear to have vanished as the land has gotten to be muddy all around.
In the last half century, the journey has turned into the most vital for Kashmiri Brahmans who come here from everywhere throughout the Jammu and Kashmir State and even from outside.
Kheer Bhawani is thought to be the Presiding Deity of the greater part of the Kashmiri Brahmans.
The Temple of Kheer Bhawani is arranged at a separation of 14 miles east of Srinagar against the foundation of characteristic sight close to the town of Tula Mula. This temple, is situated amidst a spring, around which there is an inconceivable territory whose floor has been secured with smooth and delightful stones. In it exist expansive and old chinar trees underneath which the explorers sit or consider mats of grass. The shade of the spring continues evolving. While a large portion of the hues don’t have a specific essentialness, the shading dark is taken as a sign for unpropitious times for Kashmir.
The legend connected with the temple goes that Lord Rama venerated Ragnya Devi amid his outcast. After the outcast time frame got over, Rama requested that Lord Hanuman move the seat of the goddess. The seat of the goddess was conveyed by Lord Hanuman first to Shadipora and later moved to the site where the temple now stands. It is trusted that it was the desire of Mother Ragnya that her seat be place at Khir Bhavani Mandir in Kashmir, India. Also, this desire was passed on in dream to a pandit, Rugnath Gadroo. The temple of Ragnya Devi is called “Kheer Bhawani” in light of the fact that various fans offer drain and kheer (Indian sweet dish) to the holy spring. It is trusted that drain and kheer swing to dark shading to caution of any approaching debacle. Maharaja Pratap Singh got the temple built in 1912. Later, Maharaja Hari Singh embraced the repair and reclamation take a shot at the temple. The eighth day of the full moon in May holds extraordinary hugeness for the fans of Ragnya Devi. They quick on this specific day and assemble at the temple in tremendous numbers. It is trusted that on this day, the goddess changes the shade of the spring’s waters. The Kheer Bhavani temple serves as the scene for a yearly celebration held in May-June, on the event of Jesht Ashtami. Amid this celebration, an expansive number of Hindus visit the temple to look for endowments of the goddess. Another event on which the Kheer Bhavani temple increases extraordinary significance is Shukla Paksh Ashtami. On this day, havans/yagnas are performed to satisfy the goddess.
History of Kheer Bhawani temple
The specify of Kheer Bhawani is found in Kalhana’s Rajtarangini. Kalhana composes that the consecrated spring of Tula Mula is arranged in a damp ground. The name of the spring is Mata Ragini Kund. Maharagini is the type of Durga Bhagvati. The Brahmins of Kashmir love this spring and explorers from each comer of the nation visit to have the darshan of the place.
In Rajtarangini Tula Mula is viewed as extremely consecrated and the Brahmins of Tula Mula were exceptionally awesome and effective. The spring of Maharagya was exceptionally holy. A huge number of years prior numerous surges happened in Kashmir and the sacrosanct spring of Tula Mula likewise was immersed under its influence and the blessed place could no place be followed. All around was water. Finally Kashmir’s Yogi Krishna Pandit had a fantasy in which the goddess appeared to him and requested that she would swim as a snake at the correct place and that he ought to stick extensive posts and when the water died down there the blessed spot was found.
This occasion happened amid the Samvat 4041.
The say of this temple is likewise found in Abu-i-Fazal’s book Aini-Akbariin which is composed that the territory of Tula Mula reached out over the range of hundred bighas of land, which got soaked in the mid year season and shaped into a swamp. Swami Rama Tirtha and Swami Vivekananda likewise went by here to have the darshan of the place. With the pouring of drain and tossing of sugar sweet in the spring by the explorers, a thick and strong layer was shaped at its base.
When it was cleared, the remnants of an old temple and holy place pieces engraved with figures were found. Here numerous pictures were additionally found however no one modified the temple till the Samvat 1969 when Maharaja Pratap Singh who was the supporter and adored this goddess, got a superb temple of marble made amidst the spring which sparkles like a pearl in a shell.
A few people are of the conclusion that there was a mulberry tree close blessed spot of Kheer Bhawani which, in Kashmiri, is called Tul Mul. In any case, Tul Mul is likewise gotten from the Sanskrit expression Tul Muli-that is of incredible esteem. This implies all other explorer focuses are of lesser esteem than this one. It is said that after Ravana completed the love of the goddess he offered the kheer (rice pudding) to the goddess which she acknowledged and from that point forward it is called Kheer Bhawani.
Maharaja Pratap Singh got the temple constructed in 1912. Later, Maharaja Hari Singh undertook the repair and restoration work on the temple. The eighth day of the full moon in May holds great significance for the devotees of Ragnya Devi. They fast on this particular day and gather at the temple in huge numbers. It is believed that on this day, the goddess changes the color of the spring’s waters. The Khir Bhavani temple serves as the venue for an annual festival held in May-June, on the occasion of Jesht Ashtami. During this festival, a large number of Hindus visit the temple to seek blessings of the goddess. Another occasion on which the Khir Bhavani temple gains special importance is Shukla Paksh Ashtami. On this day, havans/yagnas are performed to please the goddess.
Festival Celebrated at Kheer Bhawani temple
An annual festival is celebrated by the temple on the occasion of Shukla Paksha Ashtami. On the particular day, devotees observe a fast and gather at the temple to pay their homage to the Goddess. Likewise, Jesht Ashtami (May-June) is another occasion, when people come from and near to have a glimpse of the Goddess. It is said that on this day, the spring changes its color with the blessings of the Goddess. The festival is concluded with ‘Maha Yagna’ to please Ragnya Devi.
How to Reach Kheer Bhawani Temple By Road, Rail & Air
Kheer Bhawani Temple is located in the village Tul Mul at a distance of 1 hour, 14 miles in the east of Srinagar in Jammu and Kashmir. The temple is guarded by soldiers from all around and from a distance as many devotees visit here so while visiting the devotees first need to register near the entrance gate. Srinagar can be reached from all parts of the country through rail, road as well as airways.
By Air: There are regular flights from all the major cities of the country to Srinagar and the Srinagar Airport is the major airport.
By Train: Srinagar does not have its own railway station but the nearest railway station is the Udhampur station. It is situated 130 kms away from Srinagar and the Ram Nagar station is located 138 kms away from the city
By Bus: Regular buses can be caught from Srinagar to all other major cities of the country and back. The major bus stand is at Srinagar.
Major temples in Srinagar Kashmir:
Shankaracharya Temple, Srinagar: Adi Shankaracharya had visited this temple and hence it derived its name. The Temple is a soaring imposing structure and highly visited.
Sharika Devi Temple, Hari Parbat: This is a temple laced with many mystical theories from the ancient Hindu mythology. The temple’s presiding deity is Sharika Devi who is also the major deity of the Srinagar city.
Martand Sun Temple, Anantnag: The Anantnag temple is popular among the devotees who visit the Amarnath temple and the temple is a work of genius architectural labor. This temple was built by the King Lalitaditya of the Surya (Solar) dynasty.
Pandrethan Temple, Srinagar: An old stone structure, the Pandrethan temple is a major temple that is associated with Emperor Ashoka and is one of the major attractions of the city.
Bhuteshwara Temple, Srinagar: The temple was constructed in the 12th century and is blessed with great architecture and as a result holds great importance among the locals.
Jwala Mukhi Temple, Khru: The picturesquely placed temple is atop a hillock and is a popular draw for the tourists.
Rameshwaram Shiva Temple, Jawahar Nagar, Srinagar: The popular Shiva temple has religious significance and has associations with Hinduism, but also Sikhism.
Mamal Shiva Temple, Pahalgam: The popular Shiva temple is one that has exceptional popularity amongst the faithful devotees and the devotees throng the temple in spite of its ruined condition.
The Kheer Bhawani Temple of Srinagar has been a temple of special importance among the Kashmiri Brahmins and so does the city of Srinagar that is visited by many tourists. A temple is a place with immense natural beauty and thus is worth a visit.